Background maps: John Carter Brown Library, for the 1722 Delisle map of Saint-Domingue; Kyoto University Library, for the 1734-1739 “Turgot” map (by Louis Bretez) of Paris; Massachusetts Historical Society, for the 1722 Bonner map of Boston (updated in 1769).

Header images: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, for the American Declaration of Independence and the Federal Constitution; Musée Carnavalet, Paris, for the 1789 painting by Jean-Jacques-François Le Barbier of the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen); New York Public Library, for the 1801 Constitution of Saint-Domingue (Haiti).

Hosting service: (run by MIT’s Student Information Processing Board).

Website design: Malick Ghachem, with input from Erica Caple James.